This article argues for an increased emphasis on resistance in Critical Discourse Studies (CDS), thereby joining calls for more Positive Discourse Analysis (PDA), a branch of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) focused on progressive—rather than oppressive—discourse that has been slowly gaining traction in international circles but remains largely unknown within U.S. communication studies. While CDS brings oppression and resistance together in theory, in practice it is overwhelmingly focused on deconstructing oppression, not reconstructing resistance. In spite of calls for more generative analyses focused on progressive discourses, PDA has not yet been established as a necessary complement to CDA. Thus, CDS’s potential as a lens for understanding resistance is underdeveloped. In an effort to push CDS in a more progressive direction, this article considers the role of design in CDS and outlines the aims, contributions, and challenges of PDA as a tool for emancipatory CDS research. A critical action implicative discourse analysis of neurodiversity discourse is provided as a model of PDA that may be useful for scholars interested in analyzing progressive discourse as well as disability rights activists interested in challenging cognitive ableism.
CALL FOR PAPERS: Metaphor across cultures and social spheres. Conference in Castelló de la Plana – 8-9 November 2018
The V International Conference on Metaphor and Discourse will focus especially on the use of metaphor in a variety of modal manifestations across different cultures and social spheres. However, all aspects of metaphor in discourse are object of study and debate in the Conference. Following previous editions, the V International Conference on Metaphor and Discourse will be held at Universitat Jaume I (UJI), Castelló de la Plana (8-9 November 2018).
Contributions are encouraged on all aspects of metaphor and discourse studies, departing from the basic tenets of conceptual metaphor theory already set by landmark publications like Lakoff and Johnson’s (1980) up to the more recently emergent trends that deal with the study of metaphor across different types of discourse, modes of expression and thought.
Our aim is to bring together specialists and researchers involved in these research matters in order to discuss recent contributions to the field, as well as to open new debates about the relevance of metaphor in discourse with special emphasis on the following topics:
• Quantitative and qualitative methods for metaphor analysis in discourse
• Metaphor and cultural diversity
• Discursive, cognitive and communicative functions of metaphor
• Corpora and technology in metaphor analysis
• Multimodal and monomodal metaphor
• Metaphor in virtual domains
• New cognitive domains in science and technology
• Social relevance of metaphor (in Education, Ideology, etc.)
The following keynote speakers have so far accepted the invitation to participate in the conference:
– Dr. Alice Deignan, University of Leeds
– Dr. Charles Forceville, University of Amsterdam
– Dr. Marianna Bolognesi, Oxford University
Contributions, either in English or Spanish, may be submitted as either oral presentations or posters. Oral presentations will be 20 minutes in length plus a 10-minute discussion. As for poster sessions, a suitable time will be reserved so that poster presentations receive due attention on the part of all the assistants. Abstract submission may be realized through an email to: email@example.com. Only abstracts between 600-700 words (including 3- 5 references and 3-5 keywords) will be accepted. The abstract must explicitly mention the aims or motivation, theoretical framework, method, (expected) results and conclusions of the contribution.
All submissions will undergo a double-blind peer-review process. Please, do not include the author’s name, email and affiliation in the abstract files.
– 20 July, 2018: Deadline for abstract submission (oral presentation and /or poster)
– 6 August 2018: Notification of acceptance/rejection
– 30 September 2018: Deadline for early bird registration and payment
– 8-9 November 2018: V International Conference on Metaphor and Discourse
– 14 January 2019: Deadline for full manuscript submission
GReSCA. Grup de Recerca en Semántica Contrastiva i Aplicada. Universitat Jaume I
Departament d’Estudis Anglesos. Facultat de Ciències Humanes i Socials UJI
Digitization of the Melanie Klein Archive by the Wellcome Trust Library
The Melanie Klein Archive
In her Will Melanie Klein left her notes and papers to the Melanie Klein Trust, and they were at first in the care of Hanna Segal. In 1984 they were given to the Contemporary Medical Archives Centre of the Wellcome Library for the History and Understanding of Medicine, where they could be more easily preserved and made available to scholars. Thus the material is now owned by the Wellcome Library, while the Melanie Klein Trust retains copyright.
The archive online
The archive has recently been digitised, making it freely available online. To access the material:
- Go to the Wellcome Library homepage
- Type ‘Melanie Klein’ into the ‘Search the Library Catalogues’ field, then on the results page filter by ‘Online’
- Or, in the same field, search for ‘digklein’
- Select the result you want and click ‘View online’
The Trust’s honorary archivist, Jane Milton, posts extracts from this rich trove of unpublished material in her blog, ‘Exploring Melanie Klein’s Archive at the Wellcome Library’.
There are 29 boxes, each containing several hundred pages of papers. Some, especially the earlier papers, are in German and some of this is written in ‘Deutschschrift’, which is difficult to decipher. Some of the early correspondence of Moritz and Libussa (Deutsch) Reizes – Klein’s parents – includes extensive passages in Yiddish. However the later material, written once Klein had settled in England, is in English. Some material is handwritten by Klein; other material is in typescript, often with corrections in Klein’s handwriting. Most of the archive has now been microfilmed and is available for study in this form by bona fide scholars.
The papers had already been catalogued in 1961, just after Klein’s death, and this cataloguing was used as a guideline by Dr Lesley Hall, senior archivist at the Wellcome Library, who made corrections and added further material as it was donated. Further donations were as follows:
- From Klein’s biographer Phyllis Grosskurth.
- From Betty Joseph – translations of letters from Klein’s family members and photographs of Klein’s original small toys used in child analysis, 2005.
- From Paul O’Farrell – photographs of the unveiling of a plaque in Pitlochry where the analysis of Richard took place in Narrative of a Child Analysis, 1987.
- From Klein’s grandchildren – consisting of family correspondence, 1990.
- From the Royal Danish Library, Copenhagen- copies of drawings by ‘Richard’ and copies of Klein’s letters to Georg Brandes about the posthumous publication of her brother Emanuel Reizes‘ writing, 2005.
- Description of the material
Material includes correspondence, diaries, drafts of letters and publications, case material, photographs, files on the controversies within the British Psychoanalytical Society, 1939-1944, family correspondence and literary fragments. The collection is not considered to be complete; Melanie Klein retained hardly any professional letters, although more family letters survive. However, she kept an enormous amount of case material – there are 12 boxes of clinical notes – so it is clear that Klein, unlike Freud, thought that her unpublished notes were worth preserving, and may well have been intending to use some of them in future publications. Klein tended to date her clinical notes, but most of her notes on theory and technique are undated.
The material is arranged in five sections as follows:
A. Personal and biographical, 1879-1982;
B. Case material;
E. Controversy within the British Psycho-Analytical Society, 1939-1944;
F. Family papers
Access and reproduction conditions
Unless otherwise stated, the papers are available subject to the usual conditions of access to Archives and Manuscripts material, after the completion of a Reader’s Undertaking. Certain clinical files are restricted and readers must additionally complete a Restricted Access application form to apply for access. Researchers who wish to publish material must seek copyright permission from the copyright owner, the Melanie Klein Trust.
Work in the archives
Material in German is in the process of being transcribed and translated by the Melanie Klein Trust. Elizabeth Spillius was the Honorary Archivist for the Trust for many years. Since 2014 the post has been held by Jane Milton, who is continuing her predecessor’s work of making the archives more available to scholars and facilitating publication of interesting material.
Spillius, E. (2007) Encounters with Melanie Klein. Edited by Roth and Rusbridger. London: Routledge.
Melanie Klein (1882-1960) List of papers in the Wellcome Library for the History and Understanding of Medicine, Compiled by Jens Lazarus and Lesley Hall (available via the Wellcome Library).
New Book Series “Language, Discourse and Mental Health”
Editors: Dr. Laura A. Cariola (University of Edinburgh), Dr. Stefan Ecks (University of Edinburgh), Dr. Billy Lee (University of Edinburgh), Dr. Lisa Mikesell (Rutgers University), and Dr. Anders Nordahl-Hansen (University of Oslo)
The editors are very pleased to announce the new book series “Language, Discourse and Mental Health” published with the University of Exeter Press. This book series is a unique resource to further knowledge and understanding of mental health from a pluralistically informed linguistic perspective.
Using qualitative and quantitative approaches to language-based analysis, the empirical and theoretical contributions will provide a compelling insight on mental health from a range of perspectives and contexts, including psychotherapeutic communication, public presentations of mental health, literary accounts of lived experiences, and language features associated to specific mental health problems. This interdisciplinary book series will be an essential reference for students, researchers and practitioners in linguistics and communication, education, cognitive science, psychology, counselling and psychotherapy, special needs, medicine, nursing, and medical anthropology.
Scope of the Book Series
The book series is framed in terms of linguistic perspectives that differentiate between communication about mental health (i.e., language performance or use), and the communication of individuals with mental health problems (i.e., language competence or systems) in real-world and research contexts. Such a focus is anticipated to be captured through the following linguistic perspectives: sociolinguistics and sociocultural linguistics, cognitive linguistics and psycholinguistics, literary linguistics and stylistics. These can be applied through a range of language-based methodologies, including qualitative methods (e.g., discourse analysis, conversation analysis, interpretative phenomenological analysis, narrative analysis, thematic analysis), quantitative methods (e.g., corpus-based approaches, quantitative content analysis), and also experimental methods.
Consistent with an interdisciplinary framework that seeks to encourage and strengthen interdisciplinary research of mental health, the book series aims to encompass a wide repertoire different theoretical and philosophical views and a broad range of themes that add significant value to the field of mental health research, including:
- ‘Understanding of mental health and mental health problems’ by developing empirical and theoretical knowledge of mental health from different perspectives.
- ‘Living with mental health problems’ by improving understanding of individuals’ perceptions of living with mental health problems.
- ‘Effective interventions’ by focussing on the effectiveness of psychological intervention in the treatment and prevention of mental health problems.
- ‘Wider inequalities in society’ (e.g., issues around gender, ethnicity, poverty sexuality and faith)
- ‘Vulnerable and hard-to-reach populations’ in society, including drug users, migrants and homeless people.
Call for Book Proposals
The book series “Language, Discourse and Mental Health” is accepting book proposals for monographs and edited volumes. To discuss your book proposals, please contact the book series editors. Book series launch spring 2019.
Book proposal form: UEP – CE Book Proposal Form 2018 (see also http://www.exeterpress.co.uk/for-authors)
Dr. Laura A. Cariola. Laura.Cariola@ed.ac.uk
Dr. Stefan Ecks. Stefan.Ecks@ed.ac.uk
Dr. Billy Lee. Billy.Lee@ed.ac.uk
Dr. Lisa Mikesell Mikesell.Lisa@gmail.com
Dr. Anders Nordahl-Hansen firstname.lastname@example.org
Presentations of Borderline Personality Disorder in the UK Press
Borderline personality disorder (BPD) is the most stigmatised and misunderstood, yet also one of the most common diagnosed personality disorders. Within the UK there is an estimated prevalence between 0.7% to 2% of BPD in the general population, with women, 0.6% twice as often diagnosed compared to men (0.3%) (NHS, 2011 factsheet), and in the U.S. between 0.5 % and 1.4 % (ten Have, Verheul, Kaasenbrood, van Dorseelaer, Tuithof, Kleinjan & de Graaf, 2016), and women are particularly over-represented in the forensic population with 20% of women fulfilling criteria for a BPD diagnosis (Singleton, Meltzer & Gatward, 1998; Sansone & Sansone, 2009). Despite the relatively common diagnosis of BPD in both inpatients and outpatients, the presentation of personality disorders in newspapers has received only very limited attention (Bowen, 2016; Goulden et al., 2011).
For my postdoctoral fellowship at the Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities (University of Edinburgh), I am using in-depth corpus-assisted discourse analysis to explore how BPD is presented in UK newspapers. Special attention is given to identify how discourse types compare in their communication of stereotypes and prejudices that create and reinforce existing social stigma against individuals affected by BPD. To this end I have conducted a corpus-assisted qualitative frame analysis and a comparison of gender presentations. The slides of these analyses might be of interest to anyone with an interest in public presentations of mental health:
European Congress of Qualitative Inquiry 2019
Wednesday 13 February – Friday 15 February
Pre-conference workshops: Tuesday 12 February
Conference theme: ‘Qualitative Inquiry as Activism’
The Centre for Creative-Relational Inquiry (CCRI) at the University of Edinburgh looks forward to welcoming qualitative scholars – students, researchers, artists, independent scholars – from across the globe to the 3rd European Congress of Qualitative Inquiry.
CCRI fosters qualitative research that is situated, positioned, context-sensitive, personal, experience-near, and embodied; research that embraces the performative and the aesthetic; research that engages with the political, the social, and the ethical; research that problematizes agency, autonomy, and representation; research that cherishes its relationship with theory, creating concepts as it goes; research that is dialogical and collaborative; and research that is explicit and curious about the inquiry process itself.
Come and join us to extend, deepen, re-frame and challenge these propositions and to bring, create and generate new ones; propositions that are slow and urgent, generous and edgy, open and restless.
Let’s meet in February 2019. Tell others. Bring others. Bring students, fellow students, colleagues. Bring your energies, commitments, imaginations, creativities, and possibilities. Bring coats, hats, gloves, and scarves.
Bring your activism. Your work as activism. Let’s explore what ‘activism’ means, what it looks like, what it can do. You may not see yourself as ‘activist’ nor your work as ‘activism’: please come, please bring that.
Sweet voice and round taste: Cross-sensory metaphors and linguistic variability
Date: 9 May 2018
Time: 12.30 – 2pm
Location: Jesus College – Ship Street Lecture Centre, Oxford
How do we define a sound or a taste for which our language does not have a dedicated word?
Typically, we borrow words from another sensory modality. Wines, for example, are often described by words that belong to other sensory perceptions: a “soft flavour” borrows the adjective soft from the domain of touch, and a “round taste” borrows the adjective round from the domain of sight.
It remains an interesting open issue to what extent these cross-sensory metaphors are universal across languages, and to what extent they are language-specific.
Dr Francesca Strik Lievers will address these questions and provide an overview of the latest scientific discoveries in the field, using examples taken from different languages. Her talk will be followed by an opportunity for questions.
The event is organised and hosted by Creative Multilingualism in collaboration with TORCH. Creative Multilingualism is a research programme led by the University of Oxford and funded by the Arts and Humanities Research Council as part of the Open World Research Initiative.
Participation is free and open to the public. Lunch will be provided.
University of Essex, 13-14 September 2018
Mental illness has long been of interest to researchers in the humanities, including philosophy, linguistics, sociology, history and politics. In a domain where psychologists and psychiatrists have focused on identifying interventions and developing explanatory models, scholars in the humanities have preferred to explore broad conceptual and cultural questions. For instance:
- Where do notions like “mental health” and “mental illness” come from? What can we learn from their history?
- How do specific diagnostic categories emerge?
How does psychiatric language shape the way we think about ourselves and each other?
- How should we understand the relationship between mental illness and personal responsibility?
- How does stigma about mental illness function?
- How can we distinguish illness and disorder from other kinds of difference?
- To what extent can psychiatry be considered a science?
The aim of this conference is to demonstrate that a dialogue between two of these disciplines – philosophy and linguistics – can help shed light on these important issues.
With this in mind, we specifically encourage contributions that bring together methods and ideas from both of these fields. We also welcome submissions from philosophers who are specifically interested in discussing their work with linguists, and vice versa.
Suitable topics include, but are not limited to:
- Diagnosis and treatment ideologies
- Mental illness in institutional discourse (e.g. clinical texts, law, government policy)
- Models of mental illness (e.g. medical, social)
- Feminist and minorities perspectives on psychiatry
- Conceptualisation and portrayal of specific conditions
- Diagnosis and self-understanding
- Verbal and non-verbal communication in neurodiverse communities (e.g. autism communities)
- Mental illness in clinical, education, workplace, or family settings
- Mental illness in the media (e.g. newspapers, magazines, films, cartoons, advertisements)
- Identity and political representation (e.g. the neurodiversity movement, mad pride)
- Stigma and anti-stigma campaigns
Abstracts of up to 300 words (references excluded) should be submitted via the form provided (please see below). All abstracts will go through a double blind-review process. Deadline for Submissions: This is now EXTENDED until 4 May 2018 at 12:00 noon.
We will let you know if your paper has been accepted on the 4 of June 2018.
Presentations should be 20 minutes, plus 10 minutes for questions. The language of the conference is English.
IMPORTANT: We have been notified about a recurrent bug in the online submissions system. Please make sure you receive a confirmation message when completing the submission, otherwise the abstract has not been received. Do not hesitate to contact any of the organizers if confirmation is missing. Alternatively, you can send the abstract (anonymised) to email@example.com.
Please provide the information requested in the form in your email (i.e. name and surname, affiliation, department, contact e-mail address, keywords, area of study, and the conference topics that apply to your paper).
Dr. Nelya Koteyko – Reader in Applied Linguistics, Queen Mary, University of London
Prof. Tim Thornton – Professor of Philosophy and Mental Health, University of Central Lancashire
Deadline for Submissions: 4 May, noon
Notification of Acceptance: 4 June
Registration: 11 June – 20 August
Conference: 13 – 14 September
Ian Hare – PhD Candidate in Philosophy
Constantin Mehmel – PhD Candidate in Philosophy
Sara Vilar-Lluch – PhD Candidate in Linguistics
This event is sponsored by the Consortium for Humanities and the Arts South-East England (CHASE).
University of Essex
Interested in Psychoanalysis in Berlin? Then come and join us for one week this summer at the International Psychoanalytic University Berlin!
The IPU Berlin Summer School 2018 gives you the opportunity to see what studying clinical psychology and psychoanalysis and the exciting campus-life in Berlin is all about.
Faculty, staff and students of the International Psychoanalytic University are happy to share with you the atmosphere and results of their work. We will present to you our studies and interests in the domains of psychoanalytically inspired clinical psychology, subject theory, as well as developmental, neuroscientific and social research. And we will try to introduce you to the slices of the life of Metropolis: its troubled yet inspiring political and cultural histories, every cuisine you can think of, nightlife that only insomniacs can follow, and, last but not least, its distinct psychoanalytic history.
If you are considering applying for the English language master‘s programme in clinical psychology, this Summer School will enable you to gain insight into the lectures, libraries, international collaboration, student organisations and social life at the IPU.
Date: 2 July to 6 July 2018
Price: Euro 290,- inclusive of five lunches, boat trip and guided walking tour.
Participants will be issued certificates for 3 ECTS credits.
Applications are open until 15 June 2018!
Social Science Protocols is a new peer reviewed open-access online journal with a focus on publishing study reports in the social sciences, including the disciplines of anthropology, communication studies, economics, education, geography, history, law, linguistics, political sciences, psychology, social work and sociology.
Study protocols can be for proposed and ongoing studies, and should provide a detailed account of the research hypothesis, rationale and methodology of the study. Study protocols that have received funding from a major funding body and ethical approval will be published without peer review.
The editors Prof. Matthias Schwannauer and Dr. Laura Cariola are inviting researchers in the social sciences to submit study protocols for publication. We are also looking for academics to join the editorial board.
“Language, Mind and Body: A Conceptual History” By Prof. John E. Joseph
Cambridge University Press
Where is language? Answers to this have attempted to ‘incorporate’ language in an ‘extended mind’, through cognition that is ’embodied’, ‘distributed’, ‘situated’ or ‘ecological’. Behind these concepts is a long history that this book is the first to trace. Extending across linguistics, philosophy, psychology and medicine, as well as literary and religious dimensions of the question of what language is, and where it is located, this book challenges mainstream, mind-based accounts of language. Looking at research from the Middle Ages to the present day, and exploring the work of a range of scholars from Aristotle and Galen to Merleau-Ponty and Chomsky, it assesses raging debates about whether mind and language are centred in heart or brain, brain or nervous-muscular system, and whether they are innate or learned, individual or social. This book will appeal to scholars and advanced students in historical linguistics, cognitive linguistics, language evolution and the philosophy of language.
Mark Amsler – University of Auckland
The tangled roots of inner speech, voices and delusions
Cherise Rosen, Simon McCarthy-Jones, Kayla A. Chase, Clara S. Humpston, Jennifer K. Melbourne, Leah Kling & Rajiv P. Sharma
- This exploratory study examined the role of inner speech in the experience of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) and delusions.
- Greater levels of dialogic inner speech were found in participants with psychosis compared to non-clinical controls.
- Greater levels of dialogic inner speech reported better relations both with and between their voices.
- Qualitative narratives also highlighted the tangled dynamics of inner speech, AVHs and delusions.
- These results underscores the need for phenomenological and clinical research into the potential interrelatedness of inner speech, voices and delusions, and the complexities involved in disentangling this network of inner experience.
The role of inner speech in the experience of auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH) and delusions remains unclear. This exploratory study tested for differences in inner speech (assessed via self-report questionnaire) between 89 participants with psychosis and 37 non-clinical controls. We also tested for associations of inner speech with, i) state/trait AVH, ii) AVH-severity; iii) patients’ relations with their voices, and; iv) delusion-severity. Persons with psychosis had greater levels of dialogic inner speech, other people in inner speech, and evaluative/motivational inner speech than non-clinical controls. Those with state, but not trait AVH had greater levels of dialogic and evaluative/motivational inner speech than non-clinical controls. After controlling for delusions, there was a positive relation between AVH-severity and both evaluative/motivational inner speech and other people in inner speech. Participants with greater levels of dialogic inner speech reported better relations both with and between their voices. There was no association between delusion-severity and inner speech. These results highlight the importance of better understanding relations between inner speech and AVH, provide avenues for future research, and underscore the need for research into the interrelatedness of inner speech, voices and delusions, and the complexities involved in disentangling these experiences.
Since 2017 Dr Ryan Body at the University of Texas (former PhD student of James Pennebaker) is inspired by my research but does not cite me. He has first contacted me via Researchgate September 2016 to request some of my work. I sent him a few more published studies in May 2016.
A few months later it emerged he published an article on political discourses stating that conservative political parties use more body references compared to the liberal political parties [“The Mind Versus the Body in Political (and Nonpolitical) Discourse: Linguistic Evidence for an Ideological Signature in U.S. Politics” by Robins, Boyd, Fetterman et al. 2016). The research idea and result is just a short fall my research on body boundary imagery in UK political manifestos that showed that political manifestos with stronger body boundary schemas construct blame-discourses in which one’s own “good” social group would be represented as victims of another “bad” social group who are positioned as the cause of political and economic issues (e.g., immigration). By contrast, political parties with weaker body boundary schemas engage in solution-focused discourses that acknowledge conflicting interests between social groups. [“Exploring the embodied basis of political discourse and the use of figurative language” by Cariola 2014].
After I noted the publication of Robinson et al’s paper, I notified the editor Prof. Howie Giles of the journal “Journal of Language and Social Psychology”, who sided essentially with the authors and Boyd having stated that he was not aware of my research. This makes no sense as there is clear email evidence that he is aware of my research.
“Now the author assures me that there was no intentional dismissal of your work. He assures me that he conducted a thorough literature review and was not aware of it; one positive outcome of this scenario, however, is that he is now keen on reading your papers!” Email by Prof. Howie Giles 25/09/2016
A more recent paper, by Boyd and colleague compare waking narratives to dream narratives using the LIWC [Such stuff as dreams are made on: Dream language, LIWC norms, and personality correlates” by Hawkins & Boyd, 2017], which is quite similar to my paper that also compares waking narratives to dream narratives using the LIWC [“Lexical Tendencies of High and Low Barrier Personalities in Narratives of Everyday and Dream Memories” by Cariola 2014-2015). The editor of the journal Dreaming, Prof. Barrett agreed with me that Hawkins and Boyd should have cited my article.
He even states that for the future he would like to explore the linguistic structure of dream narratives “for hypothesized distinctive features of dream imagery, thoughts, and emotions, as well as the narrative linguistic structure of dreams”, which certainly reminds me on my research article (Cariola 2008, 2012) on the “Functional and Structural Analysis of Dream Narratives” that explores the narratives structure of dreams.
My entire PhD research was on body boundaries.
Cariola, L. A. (2013). Exploring the embodied basis of political discourses and figurative language. 5th Corpus-based approaches to figurative language. 7th International Corpus Linguistics Conference (CL2013), Lancaster, UK, July 2013
Cariola, L. A. (2012). A structural analysis of dream narratives. In D. Barrett, & P. McNamara (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Sleep and Dreams. The Evolution, Function, Nature, and Mysteries of Slumber (pp. 744-745). Santa Barbara, CA: Greenwood Publishers.
Youth-produced sexual images: A victim-centred consensus approach By Dr. Ethel Quayle and Dr. Laura Cariola
The report reflects the views of a sample of young people who have taken and shared
sexual images of themselves, and three groups of professionals whose work exposes
them to the challenges of managing these cases if, and when, they come to light. The
aim was to complement existing UK procedural guidelines for Schools and Colleges
(UKCCIS, 2016) and Police (College of Policing, 2016) through explicitly seeking the
involvement of adolescents (Study 1) alongside those of multiple stakeholders across
three sites (Study 2). This work is supported by ESRC Impact Accelerator funding and
follows the earlier work from the SPIRTO project.
With s foreword by Chief Constable Simon Bailey (QPM)– Norfolk constabulary & national policing lead
for Child Protection Abuse Investigation (CPAI) and Violence & Public Protection
Stolorow, R. D. (2018). Emotional disturbance, trauma, and authenticity: A phenomenological-contextualist psychoanalytic perspective. In Existential Medicine: Essays on Health and Illness, ed. K. Aho. London, UK: Rowman and Littlefield International, pp. 17-25.
Call for Participation: Symposium on Mind – Body – Violence
Funded by the British Academy
June 28th, 2018
University of Edinburgh
Defining, researching and understanding the concept of ‘violence’ is challenging and contested. At the centre of debates around violence is the enduring problematic of a mind/body dualism. Ongoing developments in the fields of disability studies, the health humanities, illness studies, and violence studies place conversations about mind and body at the centre of their disciplines; in part, this symposium seeks to address some of the following questions: What is the effect of bodily violence on the mind? How do we categorise and understand the intersections of body and mind through the experiences of violence? What can the emerging field of health humanities offer to understandings of mind-body-violence?
This one-day symposium will provide an engaging and innovative forum in which to explore and interrogate intersections between violence, mind, and body. Attendance is free, but limited to 25-30 delegates, which we hope will draw from a wide range of working scholars, graduate students, and non-scholars with interest in the topic. We invite contributions from a range of disciplinary perspectives allied to health humanities (e.g. literature, drama, history, gender studies, sociology, and anthropology) who are interested in violence and how this intersects with wider understandings of what Margaret Price, among others, suggests calling “bodyminds.”
The day will be organised around a series of workshops and roundtable discussions; as such, attendees will not present formal work but will rather be a part of what we hope is an cross-disciplinary investigation of the body, mind, and violence.
In lieu of more formal presentations, we also invite proposals with the application for contributions of 5-minute provocations around the following thematic areas (see below). Proposals may take the form of oral presentations, as well as more creative contributions (e.g. music, dance, poetry, theatre). The 5 minute limit is strict, however, as we want to maximise opportunities for mutual discussion and form a base from which to launch interdisciplinary conversations:
Bodymind in Parts (Georgie Lucas, University of Nottingham): This session invites perspectives that consider how the performance of violence (e.g. massacre, rape, dismemberment) that literally or figuratively reduces the body into parts can inform understandings of the temporal and eternal self. Approaches and subjects might include, but are not limited to, historical or contemporary understandings of violence and the self; artistic or creative responses to, or representations of, violence and the bodymind experience; and different cultural conception of this dynamic.
Bodymind in Pain (Sarah Nance, United States Air Force Academy): This session investigates the relationship of the bodymind to pain, whether through suffering, illness, or violence. Particular attention will be paid to the way that pain can reify or “repair” the perceived division between mind and body; that is, does pain distance us from our bodies or return us to our bodies? The session will also consider the possibility of representing pain within language. Approaches might include, among others: literary and artistic representations of pain; medical and health intersections with the body and/or pain; and narrated accounts of pain, whether through memoir, visual art, medical narratives, or sociological/anthropological study.
Bodymind in Practice (Amy Chandler, University of Edinburgh): This session considers how violent practices – and practices of accounting for these – produce or unsettle the concept of an integrated bodymind. In doing so, the session explicitly engages with definitions of violence and of bodies/selves, and will attend to the ways in which different practices come to be understood as ‘violent’ – or not. Particularly relevant practices might include (but are not restricted to): self-harm, suicide, intimate partner abuse, gender-based violence, surgeries.
To apply to attend: please submit a short paragraph summarising your interest in the symposium topic; to apply to contribute a 5-minute provocation (not required for attendance), please also include a 250-word abstract, giving an indication of the content of your contribution, as well as the medium of presentation.
Please send abstracts/applications to: firstname.lastname@example.org by 4th May 2018. Applications will be reviewed and decisions made by 11th May 2018.
For further information: please feel free to contact mindbodyviolence[at]gmail.com.
To discuss contributing to a particular theme in advance of your submission, please email the theme lead:
Dr. Georgie Lucas (Bodymind in Parts) – georgina.lucas[at]nottingham.ac.uk
Dr. Sarah Nance (Bodymind in Pain) – sarah.nance[at]usafa.edu
Dr. Amy Chandler (Bodymind in Practice) – a.chandler[at]ed.ac.uk
Language, dehumanisation, rehumanisation
Wednesday April 25th 19.00-21.00
Litteraturhuset, Wergelandsveien 29, 0167, Oslo
A limited number of tickets are available via Deltager.no until April 24th 2018 – registration may close earlier if the event fills up before this date. Please note that the tickets are non-refundable. This event will be in English.
Ethno-nationalism is on the rise in today’s world, largely driven by politicians and the media. Othering is based on the conscious or unconscious assumption that a certain identified group poses a threat to the favoured group.
Human attributes such as race, religion, ethnicity, nationality, language, gender or sexual orientation are made salient, and are manipulated to dehumanise groups and categories of people. Dehumanisation can take the form of demonising certain ‘others’ (Livingstone Smith 2011), or that of making them invisible – indistinct elements of a mass, devoid of subjectivity (Auestad 2015).
Trump’s language and rhetoric has begun to both define and normalise dehumanisation. When Mexicans can be called “rapists and drug dealers”, calling for their deportation becomes a much easier step, and for the building of a wall to divide people. After the Portland stabbings, in response to a horrific and high-profile hate crime, the US president said absolutely nothing for three whole days, before finally offering a condemnation so half-hearted that many white supremacists assumed it came with a wink and a nod.
A UN report, published by the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, concluded in 2015 that the Norwegian authorities are doing too little to combat the threat of racism and far-right extremist violence. The report states that Norway has failed to take the connection between right-wing extremist violence and hate speech seriously enough. This situation still prevails, one in which racist and islamophobic hate speech proliferates and has been normalised by politicians, intellectuals and journalists. Thus Victor Klemperer’s modern classic feels relevant once more in its call for increased and constant vigilance about language: wherever the machinery of atrocity is in motion, the misuse of language will be supporting it: “But it’s not simply that language composes poetry and thinks for me, it also drives my feelings, it directs my entire spiritual being, the more self-evidently, the more unconsciously I give myself up to it. So what happens when the language of the educated is composed of poisonous elements, or bears poisons? Words may be little doses of arsenic: they are consumed without being noticed; they seem at first to have no effect, but after a while, indeed, the effect is there (Klemperer 2000).”
The political and habitual use of language to shapes how we think, or fail to think, of human dignity. We will focus on the contemporary relevance of this issue in short talks followed by a general discussion.
Auestad, L. (2015) Respect, Plurality, and Prejudice. London: Karnac.
Klemperer, V. (2000, first published 1957) The Language of the Third Reich. London: Bloomsbury.
Livingstone Smith, D. (2011) Less than Human. New York: St Martin’s Griffin.
UN (2015) Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination considers the report of Norway, Aug. 18th http://www.ohchr.org/EN/NewsEvents/Pages/DisplayNews.aspx?NewsID=16330&
About the speakers:
Lene Auestad (PhD in Philosophy from the University of Oslo) writes and lectures internationally on ethics, critical theory and psychoanalysis. Books include Respect, Plurality, and Prejudice: A Psychoanalytical and Philosophical Enquiry into the Dynamics of Social Exclusion and Discrimination, Karnac, 2015 and Shared Traumas, Silent Loss, Public and Private Mourning, Karnac, 2017.
Yacoub Cissé is an author who has written about black presence, racism and identity. He has published the book Afrikanere i Norge gjennom 400 år (Africans in Norway through 400 years) with Ann Falahat. He has also contributed with a chapter in the book Les Africains et leurs descendants en Europe (Dieuddonne Gnammankou and Yao Modzinou Eds).
Narratives are a primary tool by which individuals recognise and affirm themselves as members of a collective, thereby often acting as a catalyst for the raising of political consciousness. In this workshop, viewing narratives as social acts, we will explore the function of narratives for (the) individual and/or collective storytellers, the conditions of possibility for narratives to be constituted and performed, the ways in which narratives constitute meaning linking the past, present and the future, and the relationality in narratives through which individuals shape the conditions of their lives.
The workshop will raise questions about how stories’ stylistic structures relate to social change: in particular, certain forms of metaphor and other rhetorical tropes that can work to support social change, the peculiar dynamics surrounding research that is on overtly political, the coalescence of place, time, subjectivity and the social in narratives and the ethical complexity of working with personal-political narratives.
The workshop leaders will use examples from political speeches, community stories of living with HIV, and other forms of political talks as well as examples from their own research on political narratives in various socio-political contexts.
Please see the full list of all pre-conference workshops on the 2nd of July below. The schedule for the day and further details can be viewed on this link. https://www.utwente.nl/en/bms/narrativematters2018/program/#pre-conference-workshops
“Discourse and Health Research Group” 9th April 2018, School of Health in Social Science, University of Edinburgh
Sue Chowdhry (Ph.D Nursing Student) presents her research on ‘Do you know why you’re here?’: Obstetric framings of large pregnant bodies
‘Do you know why you’re here?’: Obstetric framings of large pregnant bodies In this presentation I discuss some of the findings from my PhD study investigating maternal healthcare in the context of maternal obesity discourse. In Western societies, medical and cultural representations of people labelled as ‘obese’ have been implicated in the Othering of larger people (Puhl & Heuer, 2009). Larger women’s pregnancies are labelled as ‘high-risk’ pregnancies, and consequently, involve higher levels of medicalisation than ‘low-risk’ pregnancies. Obstetricians therefore, play a significant role in the medical governance of larger women’s pregnancies; and yet, there is a gap in knowledge about how they construct this aspect of their work. The research findings I present are based on interviews with five Scottish obstetricians about their management of larger women’s pregnancies. The research data was analysed using a narrative structural approach to examine the ways obstetricians, obstetric practices, and larger women were framed in the stories obstetricians told about this aspect of their work. The findings provide a context for further discussion with which to examine the Othering of larger women in the context of maternal obesity policy: providing a focus on which to improve maternal healthcare experience, and a context for further examination of the medical management of larger women’s pregnancies in the context of neoliberal public health policy and anti-obesity discourse.
RESISTANCE: an all-day symposium hosted by Scottish PEN Women Writer’s Committee and the Institute for the Advanced Studies in Humanities
Featuring Jackie Kay, Sim Bajwa, Caroline Bowditch, Beth Banjeree-Richards, Afshan D’souza-Lodhi and Alice Tarbuck
This will be an open, supported discussion on Resistance as a way of exploring and fighting for change around the boundaries of gender, womenhood, the limits of language and experiences of misogyny, violence and power. The day will be built on a fully intersectional approach, and the discussions and panel will include women and non-binary people across a range of classes, ethnicities, abilities, races, and sexualities. The day is open to all and free to attend, and includes lunch and refreshments.
Organised to align with International Women’s Day, we are interested in ensuring that our discussions of gender and discrimination remain inclusive, open, and actively support the ever-changing and dynamic nature of these issues.
The event will be BSL-interpreted throughout.
Free tickets are available here: https://www.eventbrite.co.uk/e/resistance-tickets-42869159811
Therapists Have a Lot to Add to the Field of Research, but Many Don’t Make it There: A Narrative Thematic Inquiry into Counsellors’ and Psychotherapists’ Embodied Engagement with Research
Sofie Bager-Charleson, Simon Du Plock & Alistair McBeath
Metanoia Institute London
Research frequently addresses a gap between practice and research in the field of psychotherapy. Castonguay et al (2010) suggest that the practice of many full-time psychotherapists is rarely or nonsubstantially influenced by research. Boisvert and Faust (2005) ask ‘why do psychotherapists not rely on the research to consistently inform their practice?’ and suggest that concerns ‘have echoed through the decades’ about psychotherapists’ failings to integrate of research and practice. This study focuses on therapists’ (counsellors and psychotherapists) reasoning about their engagement with ‘research’ as described in dissertations and in personal, anonymously presented documents, research journals and interviews included. The study focuses on the stages which generally are referred to as ‘data analysis’, which in this study refers research stages where interpretation typically is required with synthesising and analysing in mind. Turning our attention to the therapists’ ‘narrative knowing’ about research during these stages where generating own new knowledge is put to the forefront, have highlighted a complex relationship involving epistemological discrepancies, real or imagined, between practice and research. It also highlighted gender issues, culture and commonly held constructs about what constitutes a ‘counsellor’, which we believe influence therapists’ presence in research. We decided to include the citation “Therapists have a lot to add to the field of research, but many don’t make it there” in the title to illustrate some of the complexity. The study is based on a Professional Doctorate programme, which engages with psychologists, counsellors and psychotherapists in practice-based research. In addition to drawing from dissertations already in the public domain students and graduates from the doctoral programme were invited to contribute their own embodied experiences from ‘doing’ a data analysis. The paper suggests a hybrid for narrative analysis, discussing the options to (re-)present narratives guided by a combined interest into the unique, personal whilst also looking for ‘themes’ within and across these narratives.
Registration is now open for Narrative Matters 2018
Conference theme: The ABCs of Narrative
July 2-5, 2018, Enschede, the Netherlands
Narrative Matters is a bi-annual conference on the study of narrative, which brings together scholars from different disciplines. The current booming interest for narrative or “story-telling” across academic disciplines and professional fields comes with a number of challenges. One of these challenges, as captured by the conference theme “the ABCs of narrative”, is the need for a better understanding and an interdisciplinary dialogue between A) the arts and humanities; B) the natural and computer sciences; C) the behavioral, social, and health sciences. A thorough interdisciplinary exchange can enrich our understanding of the cognitive, affective, motivational, social, political, ideological, or ethical workings of narrative, and provide insights from which also diverse professional uses of narrative can benefit. A second challenge is that of learning about exciting new developments in technological expression and computational analysis of narrative that might be productive both for researchers and professionals. A third challenge the “ABCs of narrative” aims to address is the need to stimulate “critical narrative savviness” among citizens, in particular in the many professional practices in which narrative or story-telling play a central role. A keen critical acumen and sense of responsibility are needed, in our days as much as ever in the past, to detect and resist unwanted effects of narrative world-making and persuasion.
We identified a number of topics that address these three challenges and seem relevant for a fruitful understanding and improved uses of narrative across disciplines and professions.
· Narrative coping with complexity and uncertainty;
· Narrative and the shaping of identities;
· Narratives and innovative technological modes of expressing and computational modes of analyzing;
· Narrative, affect, and the fabrication of truth;
· Narrative and power in societies, organizations, and practices.
Dr. Anneke Sools has been awarded with the Early Career Award by the Narrative Special Interest Group (SIG) of the American Educational Research Association (AERA). The award is designed to recognize a researcher’s outstanding accomplishment in the area of narrative research and to honor an individual in the early career phase. The judgement of the committee on Anneke’s work: “we were particularly impressed by the unique contributions your work makes to the theoretical understandings in narrative studies. It was a great privilege to read your work.”
In an Absolute State: Elevated Use of Absolutist Words Is a Marker Specific to Anxiety, Depression, and Suicidal Ideation
Mohammed Al-Mosaiwi & Tom Johnstone
Absolutist thinking is considered a cognitive distortion by most cognitive therapies for anxiety and depression. Yet, there is little empirical evidence of its prevalence or specificity. Across three studies, we conducted a text analysis of 63 Internet forums (over 6,400 members) using the Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count software to examine absolutism at the linguistic level. We predicted and found that anxiety, depression, and suicidal ideation forums contained more absolutist words than control forums (ds > 3.14). Suicidal ideation forums also contained more absolutist words than anxiety and depression forums (ds > 1.71). We show that these differences are more reflective of absolutist thinking than psychological distress. It is interesting that absolutist words tracked the severity of affective disorder forums more faithfully than negative emotion words. Finally, we found elevated levels of absolutist words in depression recovery forums. This suggests that absolutist thinking may be a vulnerability factor.
Therapists and Research – an ambivalent relationship?
References are frequently made to a strained relationship between therapeutic practice and research. Goldfried and Wolfe (1996) described the relationship as a ‘strained alliance’. Tasca (2015) refers to a ‘practice–research divide, which is widely acknowledged as a problem in psychotherapy’ and Henton (2012) has suggested that psychotherapy and research are often characterised as ‘opposing domains’.
The Research Academy at Metanoia offers workshops focusing specifically on Psychotherapy research, including two recent studies into Therapists and Research (Bager-Charleson et al 2018a, 2018b). One study focuses on therapists’ (counsellors and psychotherapists) reasoning about their engagement with ‘research’ as described in dissertations and in personal, anonymously presented documents, research journals and interviews included. Turning our attention to the therapists’ ‘narrative knowing’ about research highlighted a complex relationship involving epistemological discrepancies, real or imagined, between practice and research. It also highlighted gender issues, culture and commonly held constructs about what constitutes a ‘counsellor’, which we believe influence therapists’ presence in research. We decided to include the citation “Therapists have a lot to add to the field of research, but many don’t make it there” in the title to illustrate some of the complexity.
The Metanoia workshops touches some of these difficulties, and ranges from qualitative to quantitative research with focus on improving practice through reflexive research. The speakers include Carla Willig, Mick Cooper, Bill Stiles, Dr Marie Adams and Dr Alan Priest.
*Bager-Charleson, S., du Plock, S., McBeath, A (2018a in press) “Therapists Have a lot to Add to the Field of Research, but Many Don’t Make it There: A Narrative Thematic Inquiry into Counsellors’ and Psychotherapists’ Embodied Engagement with Research” Journal for Language and Psychoanalysis
Bager-Charleson, S., McBeath, A., du Plock, S. (2018b in Press) “The Relationship Between Psychotherapy Practice and Research: A Mixed-Method Exploration of Practitioners’ Views” Counselling and Psychotherapy Research, CPR, Journal, special issue, winter 2018.
Social Science Protocols is a new open-access journal platform published by Edinburgh
University Library Open Journals. The official launch of the journal platform is March 2018.
Social Science Protocols is the only platform with a strong focus on publishing study protocols in the social sciences, including the disciplines of archaeology, the arts, communication studies, economics, education, geography, history, law, literature, linguistics, philosophy, politics, psychology, religious studies, sociology and social work.
Study protocols can be for proposed and ongoing studies, and should provide a detailed account of the research hypothesis, rational and methodology of the study. Study protocols that have received funding from a major funding body and ethical approval will be published without peer review. All published study protocols will receive a doi number and appear in academic databases.
Benefits of Publishing Research Protocols
- Ensures transparency and documentation of research processes, such as a study’s plan, research question, methodology and analytic approach to data.
- Benefits the researcher from obtaining critical and constructive feedback on their proposed study through a vigorous peer reviewing process.
- Provides a platform to compare the initial research intent and the actual research outcome.
- Enables the research community to identify studies that are currently being conducted in their research field.
- Reduces duplication bias and encourages collaboration between researchers.
- Benefits researchers who are conducting systematic reviews to source relevant studies that could reduce distortion of evidence from publication bias.
- Improves standards of social science research to develop a strong evidence base and better societal impact.
Presented by Laura Cariola
Abstract: This seminar reports on an in-depth corpus-assisted discourse analysis which explores how complex mental illnesses are presented in UK newspaper articles and medical case studies.
Special attention is given to identifying how discourse types compare in their communication of stereotypes and prejudices that create and reinforce existing social stigma against individuals affected by mental illness. I will outline an analysis of discursive constructions of borderline personality disorder in the UK Press that was based on 2,139 articles (with total count of 1,868,320 words) from the first mentioning of the term “borderline personality disorder” in 1990, until 2016. The results indicated that discourses were highly gendered with significantly more references to women than men, which is consistent with women being associated with borderline personality disorder (Becker, 1997). Women’s identities were often described through familial relationships, and women’s ownership status was restrained to simplistic existential themes.
Although early parental losses and trauma were reported in both women and men, there were also stereotypical gender-based differences associated to borderline personality disorder-diagnosed women, including reports of suicide and matricide as well as unresolved parental dependencies and conflicts. This alludes to parental conflicts as the cause of developing borderline personality disorder (Whalen et al., 2014). In relation to the home environment, women were also presented as passive victims of others’ coercive or destructive behaviour. In summary, the results of this semantic analysis showed that newspaper articles present stereotypical gender-based differences of borderline personality disorder, which reinforce public’s negative ideologies towards mental illness and women, and may also interfere with clinical perceptions.
“Language and Psychoanalysis” has also been officially accepted to be covered by PsycINFO (APA).
Please distribute widely among your friends, colleagues and students!
Location: Institute for Advanced Studies in the Humanities
Counsellor education in Britain is steadily turning into a multicultural environment. The limited relevant literature focuses on the challenges that ‘culturally different’ and international trainees may encounter. The aim of this paper is to elucidate a rarely exposed aspect of international counselling trainees’ training experience, namely, the benefits they identify in practising across languages and cultures during placement. The illustration of this positive perspective is pertinent to the profession, as it expands existing knowledge on international trainees’ experience of clinical practice and it challenges the prevailing conceptualisation of this situation as potentially problematic. It is argued that a shift towards a more holistic understanding of this population’s counselling experiences is likely to have particularly useful implications for counsellor education and the profession more broadly.
Background: While counsellor education becomes increasingly culturally diverse, little is known about international trainees’ experiences of training. Objective: The present study explores one aspect of training, namely clinical practice from the perspective of international, non-native speaking trainees. In particular, this paper focuses on the challenges this group encounters when practicing in a second language. Methodology: Semi-structured interviews with four non-native English-speaking trainees were conducted and analysed following the principles of interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA). Results: Findings suggest that participants encounter practical difficulties related to their non-native/foreign identity in practice, such as problems with articulate self-expression and understanding the client’s speech. These difficulties generate anxiety and impact on the trainees’ confidence. Conclusions and implications for counsellor training: This study elucidates language as a fundamental aspect of culture, and identifies second language use as a significant source of difference in counselling practice. This paper highlights the need for attention to linguistic diversity and for appropriate support during counsellor education. This will improve international trainees’ experiences of training, but also enhance all trainees’ understanding of difference, resulting in better service provision for the community.
This paper addresses the questions of what it is to engage in social change through knowledge work. The authors engage critically with the constitution as a ‘social reality’ of ‘evidence-based practice’ in relation to ADHD.
‘Language and Psychoanalysis’ has been officially accepted for coverage in PsycINFO
This study “Presentations of borderline personality disorder in the UK press: A corpus-assisted discourse analysis” has been presented on the 5th May 2017 as an invited speaker talk at the “Cross Disciplinary Perspectives on ‘anti-social personality disorder’: Antisocial Personality Disorder (ASPD) in Context” seminar series in London (Funded by the ESRC).
People with borderline personality disorder are exposed to stigma and discrimination towards mental illness, which impacts on their quality of life and recovery. Through the use of corpus-assisted discourse analysis, this presentation explores the discursive constructions of borderline personality disorder in the UK Press. The corpus included 2,139 articles (with total count of 1,868,320 words) from the first mentioning of the term “borderline personality disorder” in 1990, until 2016.
An initial analysis of frequent key words indicated that discourses were highly gendered with significantly more references to women than men – “her” (23,820), “she” (22,539) vs. “he” (11,382), “his” (9,691), which is consistent with women being associated with borderline personality disorder (Becker, 1997). Women’s identities were often described through familial relationship – “her mother” (871), “her daughter” (591), “her family” (567), “her son” (470) and “her father” (405) – and women’s ownership status was restrained to simplistic existential themes – “her life” (1,179), “her death” (860), “her problems” (124). Suicide was more frequently reported in relation to women – “took (119), take (94), end (32), taken (40) her life” or “jumped (56) to her death”, compared to men. Women are also more often reported of having killed their own mother – e.g., “killed (46), stabbing (39), killing (23) her mother”, whereas in men, mothers were implicitly or explicitly blamed – e.g., “his mother was jailed”, “his mother was an alcoholic”, “his mother was largely to blame”, which alludes to parental conflicts as the cause of developing borderline personality disorder (Whalen et al., 2014). Although early parental losses and trauma were reported in both women and men, women were found to have continuous parental dependencies and conflicts – “her parents did take her back into their home”, “was thrown out of her home by her own parents”. In relation to the immediate home environment, women were also passive victims of others’ coercive or destructive behaviour – e.g., “she was taken from her home”, ”she was raped on her way home”.
In summary, the results of this initial semantic analysis showed that newspaper articles present stereotypical gender-based differences of borderline personality disorder, which reinforce public’s negative ideologies towards mental illness and may also interfere with clinical perceptions.
Using language algorithms to detect fake online profiles that deceive other users
Many adult content websites incorporate social networking features. Although these are popular, they raise significant challenges, including the potential for users to “catfish”, i.e., to create fake profiles to deceive other users. This paper takes an initial step towards automated catfish detection. We explore the characteristics of the different age and gender groups, identifying a number of distinctions. Through this, we train models based on user profiles and comments, via the ground truth of specially verified profiles. Applying our models for age and gender estimation of unverified profiles, we identify 38% of profiles who are likely lying about their age, and 25% who are likely lying about their gender. We find that women have a greater propensity to catfish than men. Further, whereas women catfish select from a wide age range, men consistently lie about being younger. Our work has notable implications on operators of such online social networks, as well as users who may worry about interacting with catfishes.
Paper to appear in IEEE/ACM ASONAM 2017 https://arxiv.org/abs/1705.06530
Dr Walid Magdy, University of Edinburgh, School of Informatics.
The Institute for Advances Studies in the Humanities has offered Laura Cariola (that’s me) a postdoctoral research fellowship to explore “Presentations of Complex Mental Illness in Media and Medical Discourses using Corpus-Based Approaches to Discourse Analysis”. This project forms part of ongoing work that investigates mental health in public and medical discourses. Collaborators include academics across the College of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, such as clinical psychology, counselling and psychotherapy, anthropology, social work and medicine. The fellowship will also provide ample opportunities for knowledge exchange events and activities, research colloquia and a ‘Health Humanities’ invited speakers series.
The IASH was established in 1969 to promote interdisciplinary research in the arts, humanities and social sciences at the University of Edinburgh. It support innovative research and public engagement activities across the arts, humanities and social sciences through a range of interdisciplinary and international projects and programmes. The IASH provides an international, interdisciplinary and autonomous space for discussion and debate. Since its foundation more than 1000 scholars from 66 countries have held Institute fellowships; and up to 28 Fellows are in residence at any one time.
Presentations of Complex Mental Illness in Media and Medical Discourses: A Protocol for a Corpus-Assisted Study http://www.language-and-psychoanalysis.com/article/view/1889
Bournemouth University, 5th-7th April 2018
CALL FOR PAPERS
‘Psychosocial Reflections on a Half Century of Cultural Revolution’
Fifty years after the hippie counterculture of 1967 (‘the summer of love’) and the political turbulence of 1968 (‘May 68’), this conference will stage a psychosocial examination of the ways in which today’s world is shaped by the forces symbolised by those two moments. It will explore the continuing influence of the deep social, cultural and political changes in the West, which crystallised in the events of these two years. The cultural forces and the political movements of that time aimed to change the world, and did so, though not in the ways that many of their participants expected. Their complex, multivalent legacy of ‘liberation’ is still developing and profoundly shapes the globalising world today, in the contests between what is called neo-liberalism, resurgent fundamentalisms, environmentalism, individualism, nationalisms, and the proliferation of identity politics.
A counter-cultural and identity-based ethos now dominates much of consumer culture, and is reflected in the recent development of some populist and protest politics. A libertarian critique of politics, once at the far margins, now informs popular attitudes towards many aspects of democratic governance; revolutionary critiques have become mainstream clichés. Hedonic themes suffuse everyday life, while self-reflection and emotional literacy have also become prominent values, linked to more positive orientations towards human diversity and the international community.
We invite psychosocial analyses of the development and legacy today of the ‘revolutions’ of the sixties, either through explorations of contemporary issues in politics, culture and artistic expression, or through historical studies. All proposals for papers, panels and workshops must indicate how they address both psychological and social dimensions of their topic.
Topics could include:
• What happened to hate in the Summer of Love?
• Lennon vs Lenin: did 1967 and 1968 announce two divergent trends in contemporary culture – and what has happened since to the psychosocial forces they expressed?
• What are the meanings of ‘liberation’ today?
• New inequalities in post-industrial societies
• The resurgence of religion
• The Six Day War, intifadas, and intractability
• The planetary environment: fantasies and politics
• Trajectories of feminism
• The changing nature of ageing
• ‘The personal is political’ and other rhetoric in historical context
• Free minds and free markets
• The ethics of freedom: for example, where now for freedom of speech?
• From the Manson Family to the Islamic State
• Pop music’s global conquest and musical hybridity
• Changes in artistic practice, creativity and commodification
• The transformation of media
• The digitisation of everything
• Higher education: democratisation and marketisation
• The potential and limitations of theories of narcissism as a major tool for understanding late modern/post-modern cultures
• New narcissisms in the twenty-first century
• Therapeutic culture and its critics
• Where are they now? Biographical narratives of the revolutionaries
• States of mind in pivotal moments: San Francisco 67, Paris 68, and since
• The sense of entitlement: narcissism or social justice?
• The decline of deference and its consequences
• The hatred of government and authority
• The sexualisation of culture
• Controlled decontrolling or repressive desublimation? Elias and Marcuse on cultural liberalisation
• Our bodies ourselves: shifting patterns and perceptions of embodiment.
Send your abstract of 250-300 words to: APS2018@bournemouth.ac.uk<mailto:APS2018@bournemouth.ac.uk>
Deadline: 31 May 2017.
Decisions on acceptance will be taken by early July 2017.
In May and June 2017, the School of Health and Social Science at the University of Edinburgh offers a series of workshops on the use of corpus linguistics and content analysis to explore language data. Such quantitative approaches to language analysis are carried out using software and can provide in-depth insight on language use and word patterns that would be too difficult and too time-consuming to identify using qualitative methods.
Psychosocial Factors on Transference & Countertransference in Psychoanalysis & Psychotherapy
Irish Museum of Decorative Arts & History, Collins Barracks, Benburb Street, Dublin 7, Ireland
Saturday 21 October 2017 at 9 am-5.15 pm
This clinical conference considers a range of issues relating to sexuality, as it exists in our consulting rooms today, from a clinical psychoanalytic perspective. The conference brings together clinical practitioners of psychoanalysis from a number of different traditions (Freudian, Kleinian, Lacanian, Jungian, Relational), who work in a range of settings (private practices, public services, training organisations), and in a variety of ways (with adults and/or children and adolescents, individuals, couples and groups). Speakers come from all the clinical psychoanalytic organisations operating in the South and North of Ireland: the Irish Forum for Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy (IFPP), the Association for Psychoanalysis & Psychotherapy in Ireland (APPI), the Irish Analytical Psychology Association (IAPA), the Irish Forum for Child and Adolescent Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy (IFCAPP), the Irish Group Analytic Society (IGAS), the Northern Ireland Institute for Human Relations (NIIHR), the Irish Psycho-Analytic Association (IPAA), the Irish School for Lacanian Psychoanalysis (ISLP), the Irish Circle of the Lacanian Orientation-New Lacanian School (ICLO-NLS), the Northern Ireland Association for the Study of Psychoanalysis (NIASP), and the British Psychoanalytic Council (BPC), and from a number of different traditions of psychoanalysis: Julie Brown, Gráinne Casey, José Castilho, Barbara Fitzgerald, Dr Noreen Giffney, Dr Belinda Moller, Dr Ian Miller, Ann Murphy, Pauline O’Callaghan, Dr Barry O’Donnell, Dr Ray O’Neill, Dr Medb Ruane, Florencia Shanahan, David Smith, Dr Julie Sutton, Dr Eve Watson and Rob Weatherill. Many of the speakers also work as clinical supervisors and are involved in the training and further professional development training of practitioners working in the field of clinical psychoanalysis.
This conference is organised by Dr Noreen Giffney (the Irish Forum for Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy and the Psychoanalytic Section in the Irish Council for Psychotherapy) and Dr Eve Watson (the Association for Psychoanalysis & Psychotherapy in Ireland and the Psychoanalytic Section in the Irish Council for Psychotherapy). We expect the conference to book out so early registration is advised.
Registration: 85 eu (full fee) and 50 eu (reduced fee for people who are retired, unemployed or in training).
Registration is via Eventbrite:
See the attached notice for further details about the conference and how to register. To contact the organisers, email Noreen
(email@example.com) and Eve (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Constructivist psychotherapy and contemporary metaphor theory, as part of the neighboring fields of psychology and linguistics, share fundamental assumptions rooted in constructivist philosophy. There has been much cross-disciplinary discussion of how our inclination toward metaphors translates into an important meaning-making resource in therapy and other domains of professional practice, such as education. Nevertheless, more reciprocal effort is needed to (a) show practitioners the relevance of nuanced aspects of metaphor theory and linguistic analysis that may evade their attention, and (b) sensitize linguists toward practice-driven factors in their analyses. This article attempts the first of these tasks by identifying and exemplifying four such aspects: (a) source domains at different experiential levels, (b) variable source-target relationships in discourse, (c) metaphorical processes at higher levels of analysis, and (d) discursive and communicative grounding of metaphor. I suggest how they might provide pertinent insights and future directions for interpreting, analyzing, and working with metaphors in psychotherapy.
Communications and collaborations between mental health care users and user activists, family carers and friends, and mental health professionals and policy makers outside and beyond traditional clinical and pedagogic encounters are needed to strengthen a rights-based approach in the field of mental health and further civil society involvement. The Trialogue experience – an exercise in communication between service users, families and friends and mental health workers on equal footing – is indicative of our capacity for surviving and gaining from serious discussions of adverse issues as well as the great possibilities of cooperative efforts and coordinated action.
Functional analytic psychotherapy (FAP) promotes client growth by shaping clients’ daily life problems that also show up in session with their therapists. FAP therapists create evocative contexts within therapy that afford clients the opportunity to practice, refine, and be reinforced for new, more adaptive behaviors which then can be generalized into their outside lives. In FAP, the termination process will vary from client to client depending on the nature of the client’s problems and targets. For many clients, the process can be a rich, multifaceted, final opportunity to evoke, reinforce, and promote generalization of clients’ in-session improvements, particularly improvements related to vulnerable self-expression in the service of intimate and close relationships. By making explicit agreements at the outset of therapy to participate in an intentional termination process, and by later providing an evocative structure for ending therapy with vulnerable emotional expression, clients have the opportunity to develop more adaptive behaviors in the context of relationship endings which can be a painful part of the human experience. Equipped with the skills of open-hearted communication developed from an authentic relationship with their therapist, clients can leave therapy on a trajectory of further growth in interpersonal connection and living more boldly.
The field of psycholinguistics has long documented how communicating in a second language (L2) can be more challenging than communicating in a first language (L1) because of factors such as low L2 proficiency, accent, and L1 versus L2 differences in the appreciation of semantic or pragmatic nuance (e.g., the emotional connotations or words). Moreover, given that language performance is a primary medium through which people both express their personality and evaluate the personality characteristics of others, these differences in bilingual language processing have important consequences for real-world social interaction. Accordingly, when bilinguals interact with others in their L2, they stand the chance of being misunderstood or misjudged partly because of L1 versus L2 communicative challenges, which can have high-stakes consequences depending on the particular social setting in question. In this article, we selectively review the psycholinguistic literature pertaining to L2 proficiency, emotion, and personality, and apply this knowledge to how communicative effectiveness may be reduced in real-world medical and legal settings. We conclude that increased awareness of these phenomena, and the reasons behind them, can help professionals in the health and legal systems more effectively interact with nonnative speakers. We hope that such increased awareness will lead to the provision of higher quality services to bilingual people.
In this article, we contribute to understanding the interactional aspects of making clinical diagnosis in mental health care. We observe that therapists, during the “problem presentation” sequence in clinical encounters, often use a specific form of diagnostic formulations to elicit more diagnostically relevant information. By doing so, they often substitute one type of verb with another, following a diagnostic hypothesis. Specifically, in interviews that arrive at a diagnosis of neurosis, therapists formulate with behavioral verbal processes; in interviews that arrive at a diagnosis of psychosis, they do so with material ones. Such formulations often prove useful to define clinical diagnoses. They can, however, also be dangerous in that they may favor the therapist’s agenda over the patient’s. Our analysis helps therapists not only better understand the diagnostic process but also reflect upon their own use of diagnostic formulations and become aware of the clinical effects of their interactional performance.
To foster engagement in treatment and improve therapeutic outcomes for immigrant clients, it is important for therapists to integrate cultural values and to recognize the psychological stressors faced as immigrants learn to adapt and assimilate changes associated with moving to a new country. This case study describes the integration of cultural values when working with immigrant Latino clients who are at an increased risk of experiencing acculturative stress as a result of moving to the United States and having limited English knowledge. The integration of cultural values of familismo and personalismo are also discussed as it related to case conceptualization and treatment process. Finally, the current case provides information about conducting therapy in two languages and transitioning from Spanish to English as part of acculturation process while also addressing multifaceted aspects involved when working with Latino clients.
This study investigates bi- and multilingual clients’ self-reported language practices in counselling and psychotherapy. Quantitative and qualitative data were collected through an international web survey inviting adults who had experienced one-to-one therapy to describe their experiences. Analysis of responses by 109 multilingual clients revealed that clients did not always have an opportunity to discuss their multilingualism with therapists, and for some this inhibited their language switching. Others were assertive in their language choices, or benefited from working with a therapist who was either bilingual or skilled at creating an inclusive linguistic environment. Very few reported two main therapy languages, while nearly two thirds of participants reported short code-switches. These happened occasionally within sessions and were typically linked to difficulties in translation, expressing emotion, accessing memories or quotation. Over a third of respondents used a second or additional language as their main therapy language, nearly half of whom reported never switching to their first language in sessions, despite some using it daily for inner speech. The implications for therapy and further research are discussed, including the role of the therapist in inviting the client’s multiple languages into the therapeutic frame.
This study investigates the relationship between a client’s rate of speech (ROS) and emotional-cognitive regulation during a psychotherapysession. The ROS was measured in words per second on the timed transcript of a single session of psychodynamic psychotherapy. Emotional-cognitive regulation was assessed using the therapeutic cycles model on emotional tone (ET), abstraction (AB), and their combination in emotio-abstraction patterns (EAPs). The results were mostly consistent with our hypotheses and showed that: i) the ROS negatively correlated with the conjoined ET and AB; and ii) the ROS in the connecting EAP (high ET and high AB) was significantly lower than in other EAPs. The results support the hypothesis that a significant reduction in the client’s ROS may be a reliable marker of in-session change processes. Clinical implications and future developments are discussed.
Living in an increasingly globalised world where people move between countries and cultures influences the psychotherapeutic process in many ways. In a recent article for “The Society of Advancement of Psychotherapy”, Daria Diakonova-Curtis explores the implications of being a bilingual psychotherapist, encounters with bilingual clients and current research within this field. To read more about bilingualism in psychotherapy, follow the link to the original article…
We are very pleased to inform you that Volume 6 Issue 1 of the open access journal “Language and Psychoanalysis” has gone online.
This issue includes the following articles:
Robert D. Stolorow, Ph.D. & George E. Atwood, Ph.D. The Phenomenology of Language and the Metaphysicalizing of the Real
Fernanda Carrá-Salsberg, Ph.D. A Psychoanalytic Look into The Effects of Childhood and Adolescent Migration in Eva Hoffman’s Lost in Translation
David Hafner, Ph.D. An Introduction to the Transference Unconscious
Rina Stahl Freedman, Ph.D. Cross-Cultural Treatment Issues in Psychoanalysis
Giuseppe Iurato, Ph.D. Book Review. Reading Italian Psychoanalysis
Anonymous Author, M. A. Book Review. Language Disorders in Children and Adolescents
The journal “Language and Psychoanalysis” is also currently accepting manuscripts for the next issue in Autumn-Winter 2017.
Manuscript submission due date: 30th September 2017
Our guest editors Prof. Michael. B. Buchholz and Prof. Horst Kächele have put together a special issue on “Conversational Analysis in Psychotherapy Process Research”. The special issue has excellent contributions that were originally part of the panel at the 47th SPR International Annual Meeting in Jerusalem, Israel. The panel was extremely successful and produced fruitful discussions on positioning conversational analysis in the field of psychotherapy research.
The contributions of the special issue are:
- Michael B. Buchholz, Ph.D. Introduction
- Michael B. Buchholz, Ph.D. Psychotherapy – Analysing Conversations of Typical Problematic Situations
- Marie-Louise Alder, M.Sc. Dream-Telling Differences in Psychotherapy: The Dream as an Allusion
- Florian Dreyer, M.Sc. Theory at all Points: A Methodological Quest for Psychotherapy Research
- Michael M. Dittman, M.Sc. Moving closer. A Conversation Analytic Perspective on how a Psychotherapeutic Dyad Works on Closing their Encounters
- Laura. A. Cariola, Ph.D. Exploring the Language of Body Boundaries in Person-Centred Psychotherapy
- Horst Kächele, M.D., Ph.D. Some Afterthoughts – or Looking back
“Communication and Psychotherapy” is a new regular special issue featured by the journal “Language and Psychoanalysis”. The special issue welcomes original contributions to further understand of communication and language in psychotherapeutic processes. It focusses on a wide range of approaches to counselling and psychotherapy, including person-centred, CBT, integrative and holistic therapies.
Any relevant manuscripts with an emphasis on communication and language in counselling and psychotherapy will be considered. The journal also publishes short research reports, book reviews, interviews, obituaries, and readers’ comments.
We will be hosting a series of seminars relevant to the topic of language in psychotherapy and patient-centred communication. The aims of the seminars are to transfer knowledge that complements the development of professionals (e.g., academics, practitioners and post-graduate students) working in the field of counselling, psychotherapy, clinical psychology, nursing, psychology, education and other disciplines with an interest in the use of language in therapy and patient-centred communication. The seminars will be also reaching out to NHS staff and therapists working across all three sectors: voluntary, statutory and private.
The seminars will encourage collaborative work and the development of skills for language-based psychotherapy research, and also to develop greater awareness of person-centred communicative processes within the psychotherapeutic context.
ALL ARE WELCOME but spaces are limited. Please contact email@example.com to reserve your place for the KE seminars. All seminars will take place at the University of Edinburgh, School of Health in Social Science, Teviot Place, Old Medical School, Doorway 6, Edinburgh EH8 9AG.
10th November 3-5pm, Room 4.01 “Second-language use in psychotherapy” by Dr. Lorena Georgiadou
19th December 3-5pm, Room 4.01 “Subjectivity in psychotherapy from a perspective of enlightenment and critical rationalism” by Prof. Matthias Schwannauer
24th January 2-4pm, Room 4.01 “Power and narratives in psychotherapy” by Mr. Seamus Prior
16th February 4.30-5.45pm, Room 4.01 “Autoethnography: a ‘close up’ research approach” Dr. Jonathan Wyatt
9th March 3-5pm, Room 4.01 “Phenomenology and minority experiences” by Dr. Billy Lee
6th April, 3-5pm Room 4.01 “Metaphors in psychotherapy” by Dr. Laura A. Cariola
See you at the seminars!
Funded by the Researcher-Led Initiative Fund