Power Structuralism in Ancient Ontologies Project
directed by Dr. Anna Marmodoro
the building blocks
The driving research hypothesis of the project is that in the first millennium of ancient Western thought the constitution of all there is was accounted for with powers as the sole elementary building block in ontology.
Powers are properties which are directed towards an end (e.g. the power to heat).
They dispose their possessor to be or act in a certain way, which is manifested in appropriate circumstances (e.g. something with the power to heat is disposed to heat something cooler).
Reaching the end realises the power and changes the causal profile of the world into a different set of powers (e.g. the realisation of the power to heat results in a change of temperature of the object heated).
Fundamental powers are ‘directed’ at other, partner powers, with which they can co-manifest. Their directedness reflects ontological dependencies between the partner powers. These ontological dependencies comprise the structure of fundamental powers at the bedrock of reality; but there are no (polyadic) relations in this fundamental ontology.