Selka, Stephen. 2014. Demons and Money: Possessions in Brazilian Pentecostalism. In Spirited Things: The Work of “Possession” in Afro-Atlantic Religions, Paul Christopher Johnson, ed. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.
Excerpt: “…this chapter explores interrelated understandings of spiritual and material possession – “possession by” and “possession of” – in the [Universal Church of the Kingdom of God] and similar neo-Pentecostal churches. Spirit possession is central to Afro-Brazilia religions such as Candombé and Umbanda. yet many Pentecostal Christians believe that the spirits that possess the practitioners of these religions are demons, and the practices of the [Universal church] in particular focus on liberating people from demonic influence. This influence is seen as the cause of afflictions ranging from physcial illness to depression and of misfortunes such as divorce or unemployment.
In addition, some Pentecostal churches, especially third-wave or neo-Pentecostal ones, espouse what is often referred to derisively as the “theology of prosperity.” Also know as the “health and wealth” gospel in North America, its proponents preach that the acquisition of material possessions is possible through faith. The [Universal church] and similar neo-Pentecostal churches combine their promises of prosperity with an emphasis on deliverance from demons. At first glance the relationship between these two kinds of possession might seem spurious, but they are closely connected. In the most explicit formulation of this connection, as we see in the [Universal church], liberation from spiritual possession opens the way for the accumulation of material possessions. That is, demonic control (possession by) impedes our realization of the prosperity (possession of) that God desires for human beings.”